JCAST Chicago Q&A

During our presentations, certain questions arise.  JCAST Chicago will endeavor to answer those questions here:

Does legalizing prostitution cause a decrease in sex trafficking?

https://orgs.law.harvard.edu/lids/2014/06/12/does-legalized-prostitution-increase-human-trafficking
This quote is excellent:
“Countries with legalized prostitution are associated with higher human trafficking inflows than countries where prostitution is prohibited. The scale effect of legalizing prostitution, i.e. expansion of the market, outweighs the substitution effect, where legal sex workers are favored over illegal workers. On average, countries with legalized prostitution report a greater incidence of human trafficking inflows”

In what industries does sex trafficking most likely occur?

https://www.state.gov/documents/organization/245365.pdf
This report has some really great information:
“When large populations of workers migrate for employment, especially to isolated locations, such as mining, logging, and agricultural camps, the incidence of sex trafficking in those areas may increase.”
This report also mentions sex trafficking in “Extractive industries” here’s an example in North Dakota: “in the oil industry, individuals are sometimes recruited with false promises of work opportunities, but instead are exploited in the sex trade. Service providers in areas near camps surrounding large-scale oil extraction facilities, such as the Bakken oil fields in North Dakota, report that sex traffickers are exploiting women in the area, including Native American women.”

How much is a victim of sex trafficking paid?

http://www.pad.org/padold/blogs/pauline-wein/2015/11/22/back-pay-in-the-sex-industry-why-sex-workers-deserve-their-pay
This article is somewhat related, and here is a quote on restitution:
“The physical, emotional and economic damages that human trafficking victims experience can be difficult to measure in terms of monetary awards. The value of sex services is also much greater than what one earns working for minimum wage, but again, the work is illegal. The Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000 thus provides a formula to calculate the mandatory restitution and counter the effects of being trafficked. The formula is derived from the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) and requires that awards in sex trafficking cases must include whichever is greater: the value of the work under the FLSA or the value to the defendant of the victim’s forced or induced services. Section 1593 requires that the recovery must come from the defendant, so the defense would have to present a compelling reason to successfully argue against the order.”